Scanning electron micrograph of HIV-1 budding (in green) from cultured lymphocyte. Source and photo Credit: C. Goldsmith Content Providers: CDC/ C. Goldsmith, P. Feorino, E. L. Palmer, W. R. McManus – This media comes from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Public Health Image Library (PHIL), with identification number #10000.
Researchers have been working on targeted therapies to combat HIV for a long time now. Early last year, scientists from USA showed that the addition of an immunotoxin significantly reduced the number of cells with HIV in multiple organs. They had discovered a toxin that kills HIV-infected cells, specifically. This has paved way for researchers around the world to probe more into targeted therapies for viruses as dangerous as HIV. An HIV-specific poison can kill cells in which the virus is still reproducing despite antiretroviral therapy. This study, performed in mice, was published in January, 2014 in PLOS Pathogens
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